The Pitta dosha controls digestion, metabolism, and energy production. The primary function of Pitta is transformation. Kapha governs the structure of the body. It is the principle that holds the cells together and forms the muscle, fat, bone, and sinew. The primary function of Kapha is protection.
Qualities of Pitta: Hot, light, intense, penetrating, pungent, sharp, acidic. Those with a predominance of the Pitta principle have a fiery nature that manifests in both body and mind.
Qualities of Kapha: Heavy, slow, steady, solid, cold, soft, oily.